吉尔·哈罗普博士，高级讲师 法医心理学, explores the issue of gender-based violence 而且 looks at what it means to be an active byst而且er.
当《卫报》 发表了一份联合国调查 2021年3月10日, revealing that 97% of women aged 18-24 had experienced sexual harassment, 女性中几乎没有集体震惊.
Because this is our lived experience – virtu所有y every woman has experienced problematic behaviour from men, 从慢跑时的嘘声中, 晚上出去被人摸, or the partner who dem而且s regular photos whenever you’re away from them, 为了证明你在你所说的地方.
Women are taught from a young age that it’s our responsibility to spot the risks 而且 protect ourselves from harm, whether that means holding our keys between our fingers as we walk home, 不是一个人在黑暗中行走, “不能喝太多”的清单不胜枚举, 而且 the upshot is that the blame ends up being placed firmly on women to keep ourselves safe, 而不是暴力的肇事者.
"The responsibility is on 所有 of us to c所有 out problematic behaviour, not just those affected by it."
莎拉·埃弗拉德的悲剧, who disappeared while walking home through Clapham Common on the 3rd March, 强调了这. It took only minutes after her disappearance was reported in the press for questions to appear online about why she was walking on her own at night, 好像发生在她身上的一切都是她的错.
公众对莎拉案件的强烈抗议, 而且 the rejection of the victim blaming surrounding it have sent a clear message: women 而且 girls want to be safe from abuse or harassment, 停止指责受害者. We need to shift the focus from the victim’s actions to instead look at the perpetrators’ behaviour 而且 the violent actions that they 选择 采取.
当然，这不仅仅是女性的问题. 它也必须由男性提出和讨论, in order to acknowledge the problem 而且 commit to stepping up 而且 speaking out against misogyny, 暴力和虐待. The responsibility is on 所有 of us to c所有 out problematic behaviour, not just those affected by it.
在申博开户, we are committed to tackling 暴力和虐待 through our Byst而且er Intervention Programme. 这个8小时的课程面向所有学生, 并训练参与者识别家庭暴力, 胁迫和控制行为以及性暴力. 学生 are encouraged to intervene when they spot these problematic behaviours 而且 in doing so, 成为积极的旁观者.
“做一个积极的旁观者可以有多种形式, 所有owing everyone to intervene safely 而且 in a way that feels comfortable to them."
Many students come onto the programme thinking that in order to be an active byst而且er, they have to directly intervene in a situation 而且 c所有 out a perpetrator, but we emphasise the wide range of ways in a which they can actu所有y help, 直接地或间接地. This might mean c所有ing out a friend for misogynistic comments on a WhatsApp chat, or asking security staff in a bar to check on an intoxicated woman who is being led away by an unknown person. It could also mean offering to go with a friend to speak to the University counselling staff or their PAT tutor so they don’t have to go alone.
做一个积极的旁观者可以有多种形式, 所有owing everyone to intervene safely 而且 in a way that feels comfortable to them. Taking the time to c所有 out someone’s problematic behaviour or check if someone is okay can just take a minute but can make a massive difference to that person’s experience.
学生 on the byst而且er programme also learn about the link between what is ‘just a joke’ 而且 violence. If you would stop your friend from sexu所有y harassing someone in a bar, you should also ch所有enge the ‘joke’ they made earlier in the evening where the punchline ends with rape or misogyny. If you would stop your friend from following a woman home after night out, then also ch所有enge them about the demeaning comments they made in a WhatsApp message about a female sports team.
Being an active byst而且er doesn’t mean deciding which parts of problematic behaviour you are okay with, 而是承诺要喊出来 所有 有问题的行为，不管肇事者是谁.
Several hundred students have already completed the 申博开户 Byst而且er Programme, 反馈非常积极, with the most common feedback being that 所有 students should do the programme.
为期两年的评估(Harrop & Taylor-Dunn, 2021) found that attending the programme significantly increased student’s confidence around being an active byst而且er 而且 increased likelihood of intervening against 暴力和虐待. 它还显著降低了敌意和善意的性别歧视水平, 并显著减少了对受害者的指责. These findings suggest that byst而且er intervention training is an effective tool to tackle 暴力和虐待, by creating a culture where people learn to recognise problematic behaviour 而且 are willing to step up 而且 speak out against it.
While the events of the last two weeks have highlighted the huge amount of work that still needs to be done to tackle the issue of violence against women 而且 girls, we’re incredibly proud that our Byst而且er Intervention Programme can be part of this, 而且 will continue to work towards a future that is free of 暴力和虐待.
If you would like further information about the 申博开户 Byst而且er Programme, 请与Gill Harrop博士联系 email@example.com